From Log-Determinant Inequalities to Gaussian Entanglement via Recoverability Theory

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© 1963-2012 IEEE. Many determinantal inequalities for positive definite block matrices are consequences of general entropy inequalities, specialized to Gaussian distributed vectors with prescribed covariances. In particular, strong subadditivity (SSA) yields VAC + \ln \det VBC - \ln \det V ABC V C 0 for all 3× 3 block matrices V ABC , where subscripts identify principal submatrices. We shall refer to the above-mentioned inequality as SSA of log-det entropy. In this paper, we develop further insights on the properties of the above-mentioned inequality and its applications to classical and quantum information theory. In the first part of this paper, we show how to find known and new necessary and sufficient conditions under which saturation with equality occurs. Subsequently, we discuss the role of the classical transpose channel (also known as Petz recovery map) in this problem and find its action explicitly. We then prove some extensions of the saturation theorem, by finding faithful lower bounds on a log-det conditional mutual information. In the second part, we focus on quantum Gaussian states, whose covariance matrices are not only positive but obey additional constraints due to the uncertainty relation. For Gaussian states, the log-det entropy is equivalent to the Rényi entropy of order 2. We provide a strengthening of log-det SSA for quantum covariance matrices that involves the so-called Gaussian Rényi-2 entanglement of formation, a well-behaved entanglement measure defined via a Gaussian convex roof construction. We then employ this result to define a log-det entropy equivalent of the squashed entanglement measure, which is remarkably shown to coincide with the Gaussian Rényi-2 entanglement of formation. This allows us to establish useful properties of such measure(s), such as monogamy, faithfulness, and additivity on Gaussian states.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8004445
Pages (from-to)7553-7568
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017


  • Quantum mechanics
  • linear matrix inequalities
  • mutual information
  • quantum entanglement


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