Frequency and prognostic significance of t(v;11q23)/KMT2A rearrangements in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with risk-adapted protocols

Cristina Motlló, Josep Maria Ribera, Mireia Morgades, Isabel Granada, Pau Montesinos, Salut Brunet, Juan Bergua, Mar Tormo, Raimundo García-Boyero, Josep Sarrà, Eloy del Potro, Carlos Grande, Pere Barba, Teresa Bernal, María Luz Amigo, Javier Grau, José Cervera, Evarist Feliu

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. The karyotype is an important predictor of outcome in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Rearrangements of the 11q23 region involving the KMT2A gene confer an unfavorable prognosis. Forty-six adult ALL patients from the PETHEMA Group treated with risk-adapted protocols, with t(v;11q23) were selected for this study. Complete response (CR) was attained in 38 patients; 25 remained in CR after consolidation. Twelve (48%) received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and 13 delayed intensification and maintenance. The 5-year CR duration probability was 37% (95% CI, 19%–55%). A trend for a longer CR duration was observed in patients undergoing HSCT vs. those receiving chemotherapy. The 5-year overall survival (OS) probability was 20% (95% CI, 5%–35%). The OS was better, albeit not significant, in patients with a MRD level <0.1% after induction (39% [95% CI, 14%–64%] vs. 13% [95% CI, 0%–36%]). Specific treatment approaches are required to improve the outcome of patients with KMT2A-rearrangements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-152
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • KMT2A/MLL
  • MRD

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