Franco's public teachers' purge: The state of the question

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Abstract

The recent publication of several works on the ideological purge of teachers during and after the Civil War enables us to undertake an initial evaluation and integration of quantitative and qualitative analyses. At the same time, it provides us with parallel studies that show similarities and differences in the purges carried out in several Spanish provinces. All of this in turn allows us to estimate, based on incomplete but well-established data, the overall magnitude of the purge. In this article, the ideological foundations of the purge and its mechanisms are analysed and discussed in depth. In addition, I present an account of its global results and a full explanation of the inquisitorial character with which the whole process was impregnated. The homogeneity of the process in terms of legislation and the criteria established throughout are presented and thoroughly discussed as well. Finally, the repressive action exerted on teachers is framed within the educational policy of Franco's regime and its obsession with eliminating any form of educational reform left from the Republic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-688
JournalHispania - Revista Espanola de Historia
Volume61
Issue number208
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001

Keywords

  • Civil War
  • Educational policy
  • Franco's dictatorship
  • Repression
  • Spain
  • Teachers' purge

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