Fostering Self-Compassion and Loving-Kindness in Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder: A Randomized Pilot Study

Albert Feliu-Soler, Juan Carlos Pascual, Matilde Elices, Ana Martín-Blanco, Cristina Carmona, Ausiàs Cebolla, Vicente Simón, Joaquim Soler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The aim of this randomized pilot study is to investigate the effects of a short training programme in loving-kindness and compassion meditation (LKM/CM) in patients with borderline personality disorder. Patients were allocated to LKM/CM or mindfulness continuation training (control group). Patients in the LKM/CM group showed greater changes in Acceptance compared with the control group. Remarkable changes in borderline symptomatology, self-criticism and self-kindness were also observed in the LKM/CM group. Mechanistic explanations and therapeutic implications of the findings are discussed. Highlights: Three weeks of loving-kindness and compassion meditations increased acceptance of the present-moment experience in patients with borderline personality disorder. Significant improvements in the severity of borderline symptoms, self-criticism, mindfulness, acceptance and self-kindness were observed after the LKM/CM intervention. LKM/CM is a promising complementary strategy for inclusion in mindfulness-based interventions and Dialectical Behavioural Therapy for treating core symptoms in borderline personality disorder. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-286
JournalClinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Acceptance
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Loving-Kindness
  • Mindfulness
  • Self-Compassion

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