Forests and fields in the pre-pyreneean neolithic and early Bronze Age based on fumier archaeobotanical records

Isabel Expósito*, Ethel Allué, Aitor Burguet-Coca, Natalia Alonso, Alfonso Benito-Calvo, Rafael Mora, Paloma González-Marcén, Jorge Martínez-Moreno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The aim of this article is to present the current state of multidisciplinary archaeobotanical approaches that are being undertaken at Cova Gran de Santa Linya. Information from studies of seeds, charcoal, pollen, and NPP recovered from the Holocene levels of the site contribute to research questions regarding the anthropogenic transformation of the landscape. The signal of human activity in the environment can be detected through the bioarchaeological signatures of deforestation, forest management or agriculture practices. In this sense, the Cova Gran de Santa Linya is a cave deposit located in the northeast of Iberia used as an occupation site, recording mainly domestic activities during the Neolithic period. The settlement was also used as a pen during the Late Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age, preserving burnt and unburned dung layers that formed pen deposits, known as fumiers. The resolution provided by the multidisciplinary nature of this work shows how forests and fields created a mosaic landscape that provided crops, pastures, wood, and fuel and clearly reflects anthropogenic changes over time. The different methodological and analytical scales of this multidisciplinary approach, including taphonomic pollen alteration, provide a better understanding of the dynamics of the cave occupation and, from a broader perspective, the regional diversity related to the availability of plant resources.

Original languageEnglish
JournalQuaternary International
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2023


  • Anthracology
  • Carpology
  • Fumier
  • Palynology
  • Taphonomy


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