Foraging behavior and pollinating effectiveness of Osmia cornuta (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) and Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on "Comice" pear

Víctor H. Monzón, Jordi Bosch, Javier Retana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied the pollinating effectiveness of Osmia cornuta and Apis mellifera on 'Comice' pear. Osmia cornuta visited more flowers per minute (13.8) than A. mellifera (7.1-9.8). Both species visited similar numbers of flowers per tree (6.7-7.9), and switched rows with similar frequency (4.0-7.9%). Rate of stigma contact was 98.7% for O. cornuta, 51.8% for A. mellifera pollen-nectar foragers, and 19.0% for A. mellifera nectar foragers. Fruit-set in flowers visited once was 28.9, 29.3, and 12.9%, respectively. Seed-set was similar (7-8 seeds per fruit) in all three types of flowers. Osmia cornuta females provisioned their nests with 94.4% pear pollen. Stepwise multiple regression showed that fruitlet-set across the orchard was mostly related to tree size (trees with fewer flowers set more fruit per flower) (β =-0.64; P < 0.001), whereas seed-set at harvest was best explained by O. cornuta (β = 0.47; P < 0.005) and A. mellifera (β = 0.35; P < 0.05) spatial distribution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-585
JournalApidologie
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Apis mellifera
  • Osmia cornuta
  • Pear pollination
  • Pollinating effectiveness

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