Foot of the Wave Analysis for Mechanistic Elucidation and Benchmarking Applications in Molecular Water Oxidation Catalysis

Roc Matheu, Sven Neudeck, Franc Meyer, Xavier Sala, Antoni Llobet

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim The description of the foot of the wave analysis (FOWA) applied to the electrocatalytic oxidation of water to dioxygen is reported for cases where the rate determining step is first order and second order with regard to catalyst concentration, coinciding mechanistically with the so-called water nucleophilic attack (WNA) and the interaction of two M−O units (I2M, where M represents the metal center of the catalyst), respectively. The newly adapted equations are applied to a range of relevant molecular catalysts, both in homogeneous and heterogeneous phase, and the kinetic parameters are determined, including apparent rate constants and turnover frequencies. In this respect, the application of FOWA at different catalyst concentrations allows elucidation of the reaction mechanism that operates in each case. In addition, catalytic Tafel plots are used for assessing the performance of several molecular water oxidation catalysts (WOCs) as a function of overpotential under analogous conditions, and thus can be used for benchmarking purposes. This analysis was carried out earlier for oxide-based WOCs; however, this is the first report using molecular WOCs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3361-3369
JournalChemSusChem
Volume9
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • catalysis
  • foot of the wave analysis
  • reaction mechanisms
  • water oxidation
  • water splitting

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