The high-energy intermediates generated in the reaction of bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate (TCPO) with H2O2 can excite electronically different fluorophores with a high quantum yield in organic solvents. We have previously applied this peroxyoxalate chemiluminescent reaction to the detection of proteins labeled with the fluorescent dye 2-methoxy-2,4-dphenyl-3(2H)-furanone (MDPF) on polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membranes. In this work, we have investigated the possibility to enhance the sensitivity of this detection method using specially designed cells in which the reagents TCPO and H2O2 in acetone are continuously renewed. In the flow cell, two syringes are used to renew the reagents in the reaction chamber containing the PVDF membrane with blotted proteins labeled with MDPF. In the evaporation cell, a fresh solution of reagents continuously replaces the volume of acetone evaporated in the reaction chamber. Both cells show a low emission background but the observed elution of proteins from the membrane produced by the flow of reagents in acetone limits the maximum sensitivity attainable with these cells. The best result (detection of 1 ng of MDPF-labeled protein) has been obtained with the evaporation cell. © 2004 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
- Chemiluminescent protein detection
- Peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence