First Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) cases detected in hospitalised patients in a tertiary care university hospital in Spain, October 2014

Laura Gimferrer, Magda Campins, Maria Gema Codina, Juliana Esperalba, Maria Del Carmen Martin, Francisco Fuentes, Tomas Pumarola, Andres Anton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica. Several outbreaks of Enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) have recently been reported in the USA and Canada, causing substantial hospitalisation of children with severe respiratory disease. The acute flaccid paralysis detected in the USA and Canada among children with EV-D68 infection has raised concerns about the aetiological role of this EV serotype in severe neurological disease. The circulation of EV-D68 in the general European population seems to be low, but European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) recommends being vigilant to new cases, particularly in severely ill hospitalised patients. In October 2014, enteroviruses were detected in respiratory samples collected from five hospitalised patients, children and adults. Phylogenetic analysis of partial VP1 sequences confirmed that the detected enteroviruses belonged to the D68 serotype, which were also similar to strains reported in USA (2014). However, all five patients developed respiratory symptoms, but only one required ICU admission. None of the patients described had symptoms of neurological disease. Other considerations related to the detection methods used for the diagnosis of respiratory enteroviruses are also discussed. In conclusion, additional evidence has been provided that supports the role of EV-D68 in respiratory infections in hospitalised patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-589
JournalEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Enterovirus 68
  • EV-D68
  • Hospitalised patient
  • Severe respiratory disease
  • VP1

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