Field efficacy against the hazelnut weevil, Curculio nucum and short-term persistence of entomopathogenic nematodes

L. Batalla-Carrera, A. Morton, F. Garcia-del-Pino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hazelnut weevil, Curculio nucum L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is a pest affecting hazelnut orchards in Europe, with an important economical repercussion. Its potential control, short-term field persistence and the vertical distribution of native entomopathogenic nematode strains were tested in Muntanyes de Prades, Tarragona (NE Iberian Peninsula) over two consecutive years. Steinernema feltiae strain D114, Steinernema sp. strain D122 and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora strain DG46 were used in summer and spring applications at a dosage of 5 · 105 IJs m-2. The three nematode species reduced the hazelnut weevil population, ranging from 32% to 88% efficacy, without significant differences in efficacy or between the two applications. Persistence evaluation was carried out during 9 weeks for S. feltiae (D114), Steinernema sp. (D122) and H. bacteriophora (DG46) and showed all species capable of lasting for this period. Nematodes and larval vertical distribution was assessed. Most of the hazelnut weevil stayed within the first 25 cm although some were found as deep as 40 cm. Entomopathogenic nematodes were found along all 40 cm depth. This study proves the suitability of entomopathogenic nematodes to control the hazelnut weevil.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1119
JournalSpanish Journal of Agricultural Research
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Biological control
  • Hazelnut orchard
  • Heterorhabditis
  • Spring application
  • Steinernema
  • Vertical distribution

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