Fetal and placenta chromosome constitution in 237 pregnancy losses

Neus Baena, Miriam Guitart, Joan Carles Ferreres, Elisabet Gabau, Manuel Corona, Francisco Mellado, Josep Egozcue, Maria Rosa Caballín

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to carry out cytogenetic analyses in pregnancy losses. Samples of cartilage and placenta tissue were obtained prospectively from 237 pregnancy losses of more than 16 weeks of gestation (130 stillbirths, 97 induced abortions and 10 early neonatal deaths). Cartilage culture was performed in 222 samples and placental culture was initiated in 224. The overall culture success rate was 83.5%, 72.3% in stillbirths, 97% in induced abortions and 100% in early neonatal death. An abnormal karyotype was detected in 52 cases: 6.9% in stillbirths, 43.6% in induced abortions and 20% in early neonatal deaths. The rate of discrepancy between the prenatal cytogenetic results in amniotic fluid and the post-termination karyotype was 3%. The tissue of choice for cytogenetic analysis was cartilage in induced abortions and early neonatal death, and placenta in stillbirth. The majority of cases had a chromosome abnormality: multiple congenital anomalies in 74.6%, and a single major anomaly in 9.7%. © 2001 Éditions scientifiques et médicales Elsevier SAS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-88
JournalAnnales de Genetique
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

Keywords

  • Cartilage and placenta cell culture
  • Genetic counselling
  • Induced abortion
  • Neonatal death
  • Stillbirth

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    Baena, N., Guitart, M., Ferreres, J. C., Gabau, E., Corona, M., Mellado, F., Egozcue, J., & Caballín, M. R. (2001). Fetal and placenta chromosome constitution in 237 pregnancy losses. Annales de Genetique, 44(2), 83-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3995(01)01042-5