Abstract

Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The socio-economic relevance of domesticated animals during the Early Neolithic in the Iberian Peninsula is indisputable, yet we essentially know little about the way they were managed. Among domesticated animals, pig (Sus domesticus) was a common food source, and previous studies have shown the potential of stable isotopes for assessing variability in pig diet in relation to husbandry practices. Nevertheless, this approach has never been applied to the earliest pigs in the Iberian Peninsula. We analysed the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope composition of pig bone collagen from several Early Neolithic sites in the NE Iberian Peninsula. While pig δ13C values were similar across different populations, there were significant differences in δ15N values between sites. These are attributed to different pig husbandry systems, which may reflect distinct social and spatial organisation and interaction with environmental conditions during the Early Neolithic in this region. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-852
JournalInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • early neolithic
  • husbandry practices
  • pig diet
  • stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes

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