Fecal calprotectin levels are closely correlated with the absence of relevant mucosal lesions in postoperative Crohn's Disease

Esther Garcia-Planella, Míriam Mañosa, Eduard Cabré, Laura Marín, Jordi Gordillo, Yamile Zabana, Jaume Boix, Sergio Sáinz, Eugeni Domènech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc. Background: Fecal calprotectin (FC) is the best noninvasive biomarker of disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease. Its correlation with endoscopic mucosal lesions could save inconvenient, expensive, and repeated endoscopic examinations in particular clinical settings. Patients and Methods: To assess the correlation between FC and the existence and severity of endoscopic postoperative recurrence (POR), a group of clinically stable outpatients with Crohn's disease for whom an ileocolonoscopy was routinely planned to assess POR were invited to collect a stool sample before starting bowel cleansing to measure FC. POR was graded by means of Rutgeerts endoscopic score. Results: One hundred nineteen ileocolonoscopies were included, 42% with endoscopic POR. FC was significantly lower in the absence of endoscopic POR and in the absence of any endoscopic lesion. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.76 (95% confidence interval, 0.68-0.85) for the diagnosis of the absence of lesions and 0.75 (95% confidence interval, 0.66-0.84) for endoscopic POR. Better sensitivity and negative predictive value were observed when combining FC and serum C-reactive protein (CRP), leading to a sensitivity of 82%, a specificity of 53%, and negative and positive predictive values of 81% and 54%, respectively, for the prediction of endoscopic POR with a combination of FC 100 g/g and CRP 5 mg/L cutoff values. Conclusions: FC correlates closely with endoscopic POR in clinically stable postoperative patients with Crohn's disease and, when used in combination with CRP, might save endoscopic examinations and allow for a high-grade suspicion of endoscopic POR in the long-term monitoring of these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2879-2885
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • fecal calprotectin
  • ileocolonoscopy
  • postoperative recurrence

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