Fat tissue measurements by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry: Cross-calibration of 3 different fan-beam instruments

Jorge Malouf, Silvana DiGregorio, Luis Del Rio, Ferran Torres, Ana M. Marin, Jordi Farrerons, Silvia Herrera, Pere Domingo

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Analysis of total tissue composition and, particularly, body fat measurements has become progressively important in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with different clinical conditions. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) fan-beam scanners are widely used to measure body composition, but the development of translational equations to be able to compare data of different scanning systems is necessary. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of agreement for regional measurements of body composition among the following 3 fan-beam DXA scanners: (1) Hologic Discovery (Hologic, Inc., Waltham, MA), (2) Lunar iDXA (GE Healthcare, Madison, WI), and (3) Lunar Prodigy Advance (GE Healthcare, Madison, WI). The study population consisted of 91 adult healthy volunteers (40 males and 51 females; mean age 48.5 ± 14.4. yr) who underwent DXA evaluation of the lumbar spine, hip, and whole body in each machine on the same day. Agreement among the 3 scanners was evaluated according to the Bland-Altman method and Lin's concordance correlation coefficient. Results showed a better agreement and concordance for the Lunar iDXA scanner than for any of them with the Hologic scanner. Differences were higher for any tissue or region than for the whole tissue mass. Translational equations were developed to ensure comparability of body composition measurements obtained with each of these 3 scanners. © 2013 The International Society for Clinical Densitometry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-222
JournalJournal of Clinical Densitometry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013


  • Bland-Altman analysis
  • Body fat measurements
  • Cross-calibration
  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
  • Fan-beam scanners


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