FACTORS DETERMINING GASTkOINTESTINAL TRANSIT TIME OF SEVERAL MARKERS IN THE DOMESTIC FOWL

P. Vergara, C. Ferrando, M. Jiménez, E. Fernández, E. Goñalons

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    36 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to find out how marker characteristics could affect digestive transit time in Gallus gallus. One soluble marker, Cr‐EDTA, and two insoluble markers, Cr2O3 and chromium‐mordanted plant cells of two sizes, were used. Three‐to six‐week‐old chickens were killed in series after the oral administration of the markers at intervals of 0, 0·5, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 9 h. The amount of chromium in each digestive segment was determined by atomic absorption. There were some differences in the initial distribution of markers: whereas almost the total amount of the chromium‐mordanted rice husk of the largest size was found in the crop at time 0, less than half of the Cr‐EDTA was found. Marker emptying out of the crop was fast and not related to either the type or size. In contrast, the emptying rate of the gizzard depended on marker particle size. As far as the caeca were concerned, the ileocaecal junction allowed the passage of soluble Cr‐EDTA whereas solid markers were impeded (Cr2O3) or not allowed to pass through at all (vegetable fibre of any size). It can be concluded that marker selection is of major importance to transit time studies in chickens, since its characteristics can determine transit time in an absolute way. © 1989 The Physiological Society
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)867-874
    JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology
    Volume74
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 1989

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