© 2016 Future Medicine Ltd. Aims: In AMANDHA trial, the addition of manidipine, but not amlodipine, in diabetic patients with uncontrolled hypertension, microalbuminuria and preserved renal function resulted in a large decrease of urinary albumin excretion (UAE) despite similar blood pressure (BP) reductions. Factors associated with the reduction of UAE were analyzed. Methods: For this purpose, a multivariable analysis was performed. Results: Although after 6 months of treatment, manidipine and amlodipine decreased BP to a similar extent, reductions of UAE were higher with manidipine. The assigned treatment, changes in mean BP, sympathetic tone and glycemic control were associated with changes in UAE. Conclusion: The assigned treatment, changes in mean BP, sympathetic tone and glycemic control were independently associated with changes in UAE. Compared with amlodipine, manidipine reduced UAE to a higher extent, independently of BP reduction.