Factors associated with lifetime suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in outpatients with substance use disorders

Laia Rodríguez-Cintas, Constanza Daigre, María Dolores Braquehais, Raúl Felipe Palma-Alvarez, Lara Grau-López, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Lola Rodríguez-Martos, Alfonso Carlos Abad, Carlos Roncero

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Risks factors for suicide are multiple and highly prevalent in addicted patients (previous suicide attempts, substance abuse, impulsivity, history of sexual abuse and other factors). The aim of this study is to identify and to compare the clinical and socio-demographic profile of SUD outpatients with lifetime suicidal behavior (previous suicidal ideation and/or suicide attempts) and to analyze the factors related to it. A retrospective cohort study of 696 addicted patients, according to DSM-IV-TR criteria (APA, 2000) were collected from the Addiction Unit of Vall d'Hebron University Hospital. Lifetime suicidal ideation in addicted patients is associated with presence of: borderline personality disorder (BPD), depressive disorders, sexual abuse, polydrug abuse, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and motor impulsivity. The factors associated with suicide attempts were: borderline personality disorder, lifetime abuse (whether emotional, physical or sexual), co-occurrent psychotic disorders, polydrug abuse, anxiety disorders and depressive symptoms. We conclude that previous suicidal ideation and lifetime suicide attempts should be considered in the clinical care of addicted patients. Factors related to both suicidal behaviors share similarities and differences according to our findings and need to be deeply explored in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-445
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume262
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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    Rodríguez-Cintas, L., Daigre, C., Braquehais, M. D., Palma-Alvarez, R. F., Grau-López, L., Ros-Cucurull, E., Rodríguez-Martos, L., Abad, A. C., & Roncero, C. (2018). Factors associated with lifetime suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in outpatients with substance use disorders. Psychiatry Research, 262, 440-445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.09.021