© 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim A fast and single-step preparation of patchy LnF3 faceted-charge nanocrystals are described. These hexagonal faceted nanocrystals allow the spontaneous selective adsorption of cations or anions in the different faces, producing stable and well-defined patches of different charge. The mechanism for the formation of the patches and the properties of the obtained nanocrystals were characterized by a combination of experimental techniques and all-atomic molecular dynamics simulations. The spontaneous dual-charged surface as well as the luminescence effects that can be achieved by doping host–LaF3 systems make these new nanocrystals interesting both from a fundamental point of view and for a wide range of applications.
- molecular dynamics simulations
- patchy nanocrystals
- rare-earth metals
- selective ionic adsorption