Fabrication of new polypyrrole/silicon nitride hybrid materials for potential applications in electrochemical sensors: Synthesis and characterization

Faiza Nessark, Ahmed Zouaoui, Alvaro Garcia-Cruz, Anne Bonhomme, Michael Lee, Belkacem Nessark, Nadia Zine, Pedro Marote, Joan Bausells, Abdoullatif Baraket, Abdelhamid Errachid

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Abstract

© 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. In this research, an efficient fabrication process of conducting polypyrrole (PPy)/silicon nitride (Si3N4) hybrid materials were developed in order to be employed as transducers in electrochemical sensors used in various environmental and biomedical applications. The fabrication process was assisted by oxidative polymerization of pyrrole (Py) monomer on the surface of Si/SiO2/Si3N4 substrate in presence of FeCl3 as oxidant. To improve the adhesion of PPy layer to Si3N4 surface, a pyrrole-silane (SPy) was chemically bonded through silanization process onto the Si3N4 surface before deposition of PPy layer. After Py polymerization, Si/SiO2/Si3N4-(SPy-PPy) substrate was formed. The influence of SPy concentration and temperature of silanization process on chemical composition and surface morphology of the prepared Si/SiO2/Si3N4-(SPy-PPy) substrates was studied by FTIR and SEM. In addition, the electrical properties of the prepared substrates were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). It was found that the best silanization reaction conditions to get Si/SiO2/Si3N4-(SPy-PPy) substrate with high PPy adhesion and good electrical conductivity were obtained by using SPy at low concentration (4.3 mM) at 90°C. These promising findings open the way for fabrication of new hybrid materials which can be used as transducers in miniaturized sensing devices for various environmental and biomedical applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-834
JournalJournal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Oxidative polymerization
  • Polypyrrole
  • Silicon nitride
  • Surface characterization

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    Nessark, F., Zouaoui, A., Garcia-Cruz, A., Bonhomme, A., Lee, M., Nessark, B., Zine, N., Marote, P., Bausells, J., Baraket, A., & Errachid, A. (2017). Fabrication of new polypyrrole/silicon nitride hybrid materials for potential applications in electrochemical sensors: Synthesis and characterization. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry, 54(11), 827-834. https://doi.org/10.1080/10601325.2017.1336728