Infections are still the main cause of mortality in burn patients. Multidrug resistant bacteria can cause outbreaks in critical care and burn units. We describe an outbreak of infection by extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the Burn Unit of a University Hospital in Barcelona (Spain) between April and July 2016. A descriptive study of all cases, a bacterial colonization screening of all admitted patients and a microbiological environmental study were performed in order to detect a possible common focus. Contact isolation and cohortization of healthcare workers of all infected or colonized patients were applied. Environmental control measures were instituted for possible sources of infection. The outbreak was caused by a strain of P. aeruginosa only sensitive to colistin. Ten patients were infected or colonized and two of them died. The same strain was detected in several taps and drains in different rooms of the Unit. After applying control measures, changing faucets and drains, carrying out thermal disinfection of the hot water installation of the unit, disinfecting the rooms with ultraviolet radiation and placing antibacterial filtration devices in all the taps among other measures, an effective control of the outbreak was achieved.
|Translated title of the contribution||Extensively drug-resistant pseudomonas aerug-inosa outbreak in a burn unit: Management and solutions|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2019|