Exploring the dark continent: Medical image and brain

Alberto García-Molina, Antònia Enseñat

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    1 Citation (Scopus)


    © 2017 Revista de Neurología. Introduction. Until the late 19th century, direct observation of the central nervous system was practically impossible. The discovery of X-rays in 1895 and their subsequent application in the field of medicine brought about a shift of paradigm that completely revolutionised the way in which neurology was practised. The possibility of viewing the inside of the brain had a pronounced impact on clinical practice, and enriched the diagnosis and treatment of brain pathologies in a manner that was unimaginable up until then. Development. The aim of this study is to describe the birth and development of medical imaging of the brain, from the discovery of X-rays and the early days of radiography to the appearance of computerised tomography and magnetic resonance in the 60s, both of which are techniques that were to change the world of diagnostic imaging forever. This brief overview of the history of radiology also includes the origins of angiography and other techniques that are no longer in use, but which were ground-breaking innovations in their time, such as ventriculography or pneumoencephalography. Conclusions. The procedures and techniques described in this article made it possible to view the inside of the brain, thereby facilitating the diagnosis and treatment of a number of neurological processes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)325-332
    JournalRevista de Neurologia
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


    • Angiography
    • Central nervous system
    • Computed tomography
    • History
    • Magnetic resonance imaging
    • X-ray


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