We previously reported that substrates of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase in combination with low concentrations of vanadate exert potent insulin-like effects. Here we performed homology modeling of the catalytic domain of mouse SSAO/VAP-1 and searched through chemical databases to identify novel SSAO substrates. The modeling of the catalytic domain revealed that aromatic residues Tyr384, Phe389, and Tyr394 define a pocket of stable size that may participate in the binding of apolar substrates. We identified a number of amines as substrates of human, rat, and mouse SSAO. The compounds PD0119035, 2,3-dimethoxybenzylamine, and C-naphthalen-1-yl-methylamine showed high affinity as substrates of rat SSAO. C-Naphthalen-1-yl-methylamine was the only substrate that showed high affinity for human SSAO. C-Naphthalen-1-yl-methylamine and 4-aminomethyl-benzenesulfonamide showed the highest capacity to stimulate glucose transport in isolated rat adipocytes. The impact of these findings on the development of new treatments for diabetes is discussed.
|Journal||Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Sep 2004|