Exploring Conductance Quantization Effects in Electroformed Filaments for Their Potential Application to a Resistance Standard

Jordi Suñé, Fernando Leonel Aguirre, Mireia Bargallo Gonzalez, Francesca Campabadal, Enrique Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The ballistic conduction through narrow constrictions connecting charge reservoirs exhibits conductance quantization effects. Since the quantum of conductance (Formula presented.) is only related to fundamental constants of nature, these effects might allow the implementation of a standard of resistance, fulfilling the requirements of the 2019 revised International System of Units. Moreover, this standard would be able to work at room temperature and without a magnetic field, thus allowing its on-chip implementation. In this work, the authors propose that breakdown filaments in thin oxide layers might be useful to this purpose. In particular, conductance quantization effects in nanolaminate AlO/HfO dielectrics are reported and the role of intrinsic values of conductance and extrinsic parasitic elements are analyzed. The fact that breakdown filaments are irreversible is an advantage due to their expected stability and to the lack of cycle-to-cycle variations (as compared to resistive switching devices). Although the reported sample-to-sample variations are still too large for a real application, there is room for improving the controlover breakdown filaments through material design and electroforming conditions. Provided that this control is achieved, an on-chip implementation of a resistance standard for the realization of self-calibrating electrical systems and equipment with zero-chain traceability would be possible.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2300048
JournalAdvanced Quantum Technologies
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2023


  • conductance quantization
  • dielectric breakdown
  • metrology
  • resistance standard


Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring Conductance Quantization Effects in Electroformed Filaments for Their Potential Application to a Resistance Standard'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this