Pure nickel was selected for a detailed investigation of the experimental parameters influencing grain refinement and microstructural evolution during processing by high-pressure torsion (HPT). Samples were examined after HPT using microhardness measurements, transmission electron microscopy and orientation imaging microscopy. Processing by HPT produces a grain size of ∼170 nm in pure Ni, and homogeneous and equiaxed microstructures are attained throughout the samples when they are subjected to at least ∼5 whole revolutions under applied pressures of at least ∼6 GPa. For these conditions, the distributions of grain boundary misorientations are similar in the center and at the periphery of the samples. A simple model is proposed to explain the development of a homogeneous microstructure in HPT. © 2002 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Publication status||Published - 7 Feb 2003|
- Hardness testing
- High-pressure torsion
- Orientation imaging microscopy
- Transmission electron microscopy