Experimental parameters influencing grain refinement and microstructural evolution during high-pressure torsion

A. P. Zhilyaev, G. V. Nurislamova, B. K. Kim, M. D. Baró, J. A. Szpunar, T. G. Langdon

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Abstract

Pure nickel was selected for a detailed investigation of the experimental parameters influencing grain refinement and microstructural evolution during processing by high-pressure torsion (HPT). Samples were examined after HPT using microhardness measurements, transmission electron microscopy and orientation imaging microscopy. Processing by HPT produces a grain size of ∼170 nm in pure Ni, and homogeneous and equiaxed microstructures are attained throughout the samples when they are subjected to at least ∼5 whole revolutions under applied pressures of at least ∼6 GPa. For these conditions, the distributions of grain boundary misorientations are similar in the center and at the periphery of the samples. A simple model is proposed to explain the development of a homogeneous microstructure in HPT. © 2002 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-765
JournalActa Materialia
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2003

Keywords

  • Hardness testing
  • High-pressure torsion
  • Nickel
  • Orientation imaging microscopy
  • Transmission electron microscopy

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