Experimental diabetes in neonatal mice induces early peripheral sensorimotor neuropathy

L. Ariza, G. Pagès, B. García-Lareu, S. Cobianchi, P. J. Otaegui, J. Ruberte, M. Chillón, X. Navarro, A. Bosch

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Animal models of diabetes do not reach the severity of human diabetic neuropathy but relatively mild neurophysiological deficits and minor morphometric changes. The lack of degenerative neuropathy in diabetic rodent models seems to be a consequence of the shorter length of the axons or the shorter animal life span. Diabetes-induced demyelination needs many weeks or even months before it can be evident by morphometrical analysis. In mice myelination of the peripheral nervous system starts at the prenatal period and it is complete several days after birth. Here we induced experimental diabetes to neonatal mice and we evaluated its effect on the peripheral nerve 4 and 8. weeks after diabetes induction. Neurophysiological values showed a decline in sensory nerve conduction velocity at both time-points. Morphometrical analysis of the tibial nerve demonstrated a decrease in the number of myelinated fibers, fiber size and myelin thickness at both time-points studied. Moreover, aldose reductase and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activities were increased even if the amount of the enzyme was not affected. Thus, type 1 diabetes in newborn mice induces early peripheral neuropathy and may be a good model to assay pharmacological or gene therapy strategies to treat diabetic neuropathy. © 2014 IBRO.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-259
JournalNeuroscience
Volume274
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Aldose reductase activity
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Myelination
  • Neonatal mice
  • PARP activity

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