Executive functions in binge spectrum eating disorders with comorbid compulsive buying

Lucero Munguía, Ignacio Lucas, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Bernat Mora-Maltas, Roser Granero, Romina Miranda-Olivos, Isabel Sánchez, Guilia Testa, María Lozano-Madrid, Robert Turton, Jose M Menchon, Fernando Fernández-Aranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aims were to explore if bulimic spectrum disorders (BSD) patients, who also present comorbid compulsive buying (CB), could represent a specific subtype considering its neuropsychological performance; to present a descriptive analysis of different clinical features; and to explore how these variables could influence treatment outcome. It was hypothesised that the comorbid group will present worse neuropsychological performance that will lead to a worse treatment outcome.

METHOD: The study has a longitudinal design. Women (N = 75) diagnosed with BSD, BSD + CB and Healthy Controls (HC); completed an evaluation of: cognitive flexibility, decision making, eating disorder (ED) symptomatology, psychopathological state and personality traits.

RESULTS: BSD + CB was the group with the most severe clinical profile, worst treatment outcome and higher neuropsychological impairment, than other groups. Path-analysis evidenced that deficits in decision making were associated with bad treatment outcome, while deficits in flexibility with the presence of the comorbidity. Self-directedness and novelty seeking were associated with the neuropsychological performance and the comorbidity.

CONCLUSION: BSD + CB exhibit a worse clinical and neuropsychological profile that seems to be related with the treatment outcome, which should be taken into account for the establishment of specific treatment approaches.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean eating disorders review (Print)
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Jul 2021

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