Excessive habit formation in schedule-induced polydipsia: Microstructural analysis of licking among rat strains and involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex

A. Merchán, S. Mora, B. Gago, E. Rodriguez-Ortega, A. Fernández-Teruel, J. L. Puga, F. Sánchez-Santed, M. Moreno, P. Flores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and International Behavioural and Neural Genetics Society Schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP) is an animal model of compulsive drinking that selects for individual differences and varies across rat strains. The aim of this study was to investigate excessive habit formation by analyzing the SIP licking microstructure among rat strains, and to compare the brain areas activated by SIP in different populations. Wistar, Long Evans and Roman High- and Low-Avoidance rat strains were compared using a cluster analysis of 2 main variables, that is, frequency of licking (percentage of interpellet intervals with drinking episodes) and intensity of licking (mean number of licks per interpellet interval), and were found to exhibit high intensity and frequent licking (compulsive drinkers, CD), low intensity but frequent licking (habitual drinkers, HD), and low intensity and low-frequency licking (low drinkers, LD). The Wistar strain showed a higher frequency and intensity of licking, and had the largest group of CD rats when compared with the other strains. Regarding the acquisition of SIP, CD rats showed a higher intensity of licking when compared with the HD and LD rats. Moreover, c-Fos quantification revealed that rats in the CD group showed hyperactivity in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex and basolateral amygdala when compared with the LD group. Analyzing the SIP microstructure could be a valuable tool for understanding the role of excessive habit formation in the development of compulsive drinking and its underpinning neurobiological mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12489
Pages (from-to)e12489
Number of pages13
JournalGenes, Brain and Behavior
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • amygdala
  • compulsivity
  • habit formation
  • individual differences
  • inhibitory control
  • licking
  • orbitofrontal cortex
  • Roman high- and low-avoidance rats
  • schedule-induced polydipsia
  • strain comparison
  • Compulsive Behavior/genetics
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Rats, Long-Evans
  • Rats
  • Genotype
  • Male
  • Animals
  • Prefrontal Cortex/physiopathology
  • Polydipsia/genetics
  • SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE-RAT
  • STRESS RESPONSES
  • IMPULSIVE BEHAVIOR
  • DORSOLATERAL STRIATUM
  • LOW-(RLA) AVOIDANCE RATS
  • SYMPTOM PROVOCATION
  • OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • ROMAN HIGH-(RHA)
  • SPATIAL TASKS

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