Examining the concept of "mousterian variability" at Roca dels Bous (Southeast pre-pyrenees, Lleida)

Rafael Mora, Jorge Martínez-Moreno, Joel Casanova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is concerned with the implications arising from changes in the movement of raw materials from levels N10 and N12 of Roca dels Bous (Southeastern Prepyrenees). Studies of the lithic assemblages reveal differences in stone tool technologies, especially knapping and retouching. These variations enable us to reflect on the function of the settlement within the context of Neanderthal mobility patterns in the area that connects the Ebro Valley with the Pyrenees. The characteristics of the artefacts suggest changes in the strategies employed in the acquisition, production, use and discard of stone tools. Importantly, these observations allow us to examine issues related to "variability", a key concept in any discussion related to the cultural change in the Middle Palaeolithic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-28
JournalTrabajos de Prehistoria
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008


  • Middle Paleolithic
  • Raw materials
  • Roca dels Bous
  • Settlement use
  • Technical variability


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