Ex vivo assessment and in vivo validation of non-invasive stent monitoring techniques based on microwave spectrometry

Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Gianluca Arauz-Garofalo, Oriol Rodriguez-Leor, Carolina Soler-Botija, Susana Amorós García de Valdecasas, Flavio David Gerez-Britos, Antoni Bayes-Genis, Juan Manuel O’Callaghan, Ferran Macià, Javier Tejada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Abstract

© 2018, The Author(s). Some conditions are well known to be directly associated with stent failure, including in-stent re-occlusion and stent fracture. Currently, identification of these high-risk conditions requires invasive and complex procedures. This study aims to assess microwave spectrometry (MWS) for monitoring stents non-invasively. Preliminary ex vivo data are presented to move to in vivo validation. Fifteen mice were assigned to receive subcutaneous stent implantations (n = 10) or sham operations (n = 5). MWS measurements were carried out at 0, 2, 4, 7, 14, 22, and 29 days of follow-up. Additionally, 5 stented animals were summited to micro-CT analyses at the same time points. At 29 days, 3 animals were included into a stent fracture subgroup and underwent a last MWS and micro-CT analysis. MWS was able to identify stent position and in-stent stenosis over time, also discerning significant differences from baseline measures (P < 0.001). Moreover, MWS identified fractured vs. non-fractured stents in vivo. Taken together, MWS emerges as a non-invasive, non-ionizing alternative for stent monitoring. MWS analysis clearly distinguished between in-stent stenosis and stent fracture phenomena.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14808
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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