Evolution of Histidine Decarboxylase Bacterial Groups during the Ripening of Spanish Semipreserved Anchovies

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Abstract

We have studied the count evolutions of total aerobic mesophilic microorganisms, psychrotrophic microorganisms, enterobacteria, faecal coliforms, sulphite‐reducing bacteria and vibrio in spanish semi‐preserved anchovies. These microorganisms are a sanitary index of the product and may produce high concentrations of histamine in both fresh and processed fish. The influence of NaCl concentration, redox potential, oxygen concentration and pH on bacterial growth have also been studied. With the exception of the sulphite‐reducers and vibrio, the counts of the different bacterial groups decreased during the first two weeks of ripening, but later stabilized. The faecal coliforms did not appear in the culture media after these first two weeks, and the enterobacteria, what initially did not appear after first two weeks too, are detected at final phases probably for the final manipulation of elaboration processes. The count of the sulfite‐reducers remained unchanged during the whole ripening process. Vibrio were not detected in any of the samples studied. NaCl and oxygen concentrations were the main factors influencing the decreasing bacterial counts. According to our results, the accumulation of high histamine concentrations in salted fish could be due to poor quality of the raw material, to inadequate handling or to other causes during its shelf life. The relationship with the histamine activity is probably due more to the presence of the halophilic or halotolerant microorganisms. © 1993 Blackwell Verlag GmbH
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-543
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medicine, Series B
Volume40
Issue number1-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993

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