Evidence against a critical role of CB1 receptors in adaptation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and other consequences of daily repeated stress

Cristina Rabasa, Jordi Pastor-Ciurana, Raúl Delgado-Morales, Almudena Gómez-Román, Javier Carrasco, Humberto Gagliano, María S. García-Gutiérrez, Jorge Manzanares, Antonio Armario

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Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. There is evidence that endogenous cannabinoids (eCBs) play a role in the control of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, although they appear to have dual, stimulatory and inhibitory, effects. Recent data in rats suggest that eCBs, acting through CB1 receptors (CB1R), may be involved in adaptation of the HPA axis to daily repeated stress. In the present study we analyze this issue in male mice and rats. Using a knock-out mice for the CB1 receptor (CB1-/-) we showed that mutant mice presented similar adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) response to the first IMO as wild-type mice. Daily repeated exposure to 1 h of immobilization reduced the ACTH response to the stressor, regardless of the genotype, demonstrating that adaptation occurred to the same extent in absence of CB1R. Prototypical changes observed after repeated stress such as enhanced corticotropin releasing factor (CRH) gene expression in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, impaired body weight gain and reduced thymus weight were similarly observed in both genotypes. The lack of effect of CB1R in the expression of HPA adaptation to another similar stressor (restraint) was confirmed in wild-type CD1 mice by the lack of effect of the CB1R antagonist AM251 just before the last exposure to stress. Finally, the latter drug did not blunt the HPA, glucose and behavioral adaptation to daily repeated forced swim in rats. Thus, the present results indicate that CB1R is not critical for overall effects of daily repeated stress or proper adaptation of the HPA axis in mice and rats.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1248-1259
JournalEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • AM251
  • Cannabinoids
  • Chronic stress
  • Habituation

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    Rabasa, C., Pastor-Ciurana, J., Delgado-Morales, R., Gómez-Román, A., Carrasco, J., Gagliano, H., García-Gutiérrez, M. S., Manzanares, J., & Armario, A. (2015). Evidence against a critical role of CB1 receptors in adaptation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and other consequences of daily repeated stress. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 25(8), 1248-1259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2015.04.026