© 2018 The Authors. Letters in Applied Microbiology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society for Applied Microbiology. The objectives of this study were to assess the effectiveness of an ultraviolet (UV-C, 254 nm) irradiation system and the spray-drying method as two independent safety steps on inactivation of Escherichia coli K88 and K99 spiked in porcine plasma at 6·46 ± 0·04 log10 ml−1 and 6·78 ± 0·67 log10 ml−1 respectively for UV-C method, and at 7·31 ± 0·39 log10 ml−1 and 7·66 ± 0·11 log10 ml−1, respectively for the spray-drying method. The UV-C method was performed at different UV light doses (from 750 to 9000 J l−1) using a pilot plant UV-C device working under turbulent flow. Spray-drying treatment was done at inlet temperature 220 ± 1°C and two different outlet temperatures, 80 ± 1°C or 70 ± 1°C. Results indicated that UV-C treatment induced a 4 log10 viability reduction for both E. coli at 3000 J l−1. Full inactivation of both E. coli strains was achieved in all spray-dried samples dehydrated at both outlet temperatures. The special UV-C system design for turbid liquid porcine plasma is a novel treatment that can provide an additional redundant biosafety feature that can be incorporated into the manufacturing process for spray-dried animal plasma. Significance and Impact of the Study: The safety of raw materials from animal origin such as spray-dried porcine plasma (SDPP) may be a concern for the swine industry. Ultraviolet treatment at 254 nm (UV-C) of liquid plasma has been proposed as an additional biosafety feature in the manufacturing process of SDPP. We found that UV-C exposure in the liquid plasma at 3000 J l−1 reduces about 4 log10 ml−1 for E. coli K88 and K99. Full inactivation of both E. coli strains was achieved in all spray-dried samples. The incorporation of UV-C treatment to liquid plasma improves the robustness of the SDPP manufacturing process.
- blood derivatives
- Escherichia coli
- porcine plasma
- ultraviolet irradiation
Blázquez, E., Rodríguez, C., Ródenas, J., Pérez de Rozas, A., Campbell, J. M., Segalés, J., Pujols, J., & Polo, J. (2018). Evaluation of ultraviolet-C and spray-drying processes as two independent inactivation steps on enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli K88 and K99 strains inoculated in fresh unconcentrated porcine plasma. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 67, 442-448. https://doi.org/10.1111/lam.13068