Evaluation of the genotoxic potential of three phenyltetrahydropyridinyl butylazole-derived sigma-receptor ligand drug candidates

Antonio Guzmán, Concepción García, Ana Paz Marín, Raymond J. Proudlock, Antonio R.Fernández de Henestrosa, Maria Teresa Ruiz, Araceli Tortajada, Mel Lloyd, Ricard Marcos

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three structurally related phenyltetrahydropyridinyl butylazole (PTHPB)-derived drug candidates with sigma receptor-binding properties were evaluated for genotoxic potential in the ICH standard battery of genetic toxicology assays. These comprised an Ames test, a mouse-lymphoma assay, and a mouse bone-marrow micronucleus test. The maximum test concentrations in the in vitro assays were determined by the solubility and/or the cytotoxicity of the compounds. In the mouse micronucleus assay, the compounds were administered orally at three levels up to the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Negative results were obtained for all three drug candidates in the Ames test and in the mouse-lymphoma assay, both in the absence or presence of metabolic activation. In the mouse micronucleus test, there was no effect on the frequency of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCE) in bone marrow after oral administration of any of the three test compounds, at any dose level or sampling time (24 and 48 h). Administration of all three compounds at the MTD induced a clear decrease in mouse body-temperature of 3.1-4.8 °C below normal; the temperature returned to normal within 8 h of dose administration. The produced mild hypothermia and absence of micronucleus induction was in contrast to the induction of MNPCE secondary to marked hypothermia reported for a structurally similar PTHPB-derived sigma-receptor ligand, the antipsychotic compound E-5842. The results obtained in the current series of studies suggest that exposure to the three tested PTHPB-derived drug candidates would not pose a genotoxic risk under clinical conditions. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-98
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Volume653
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2008

Keywords

  • Genotoxicity
  • Hypothermia
  • Phenyltetrahydropyridinyl butylazole
  • Sigma receptor

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