There are few studies in dogs concerning leishmanin skin test. We evaluated and compared the efficacy of two leishmanin preparations for the detection of dog Leishmania cellular-mediated immunity. Clinically healthy dogs living in an endemic area were studied. A leishmanin preparation 1 (3 × 108 promastigotes/ml) was superior to a leishmanin preparation 2 (5 × 106 promastigotes/ml), measured as the percentage of positive reactions and the diameter of the induced induration. The leishmanin skin test is a valuable tool, although the results show that the degree of response, as it has been shown in human beings, depends on the preparation used. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
- Leishmania infantum
- Leishmanin skin test