HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) is a major determinant of viral pathogenicity. The evaluation of the biological properties of patient-derived envelopes by comparing two effector cell lines (293T and HeLa) is reported. A standard cell-to-cell fusion assay was used to evaluate fusogenicity, whereas a coculture with CD4+ cells was used to evaluate absolute cell loss, single cell death, and hemifusion events. Fusion and absolute cell loss assays showed that Env-expressing 293T and HeLa cells had different fusion efficiencies; fusion was magnified in 293T cells despite a significantly lower cell-surface Env expression. Conversely, gp41-mediated single cell death and hemifusion induced in CD4+ cells by 293T-Env-positive cells were significantly lower than that induced by HeLa-Env-positive cells. These data showed that the effector cell line used in the in vitro assays is crucial, and a combination of assays is recommended to evaluate the biological properties of patient-derived envelope glycoproteins: preferentially, 293T-Env-positive cells for the evaluation of fusogenicity and HeLa-Env-positive cells for the evaluation of cell death parameters. The combination of assays described in our work could be a valuable tool for dual screenings of large collections of primary Envs or Env mutants and drugs acting on these Envs. © 2012 Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening.
|Journal||Journal of Biomolecular Screening|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2012|