Evaluation of Protease Inhibitors Containing Tubes for MS-Based Plasma Peptide Profiling Studies

Vanessa Pérez, Javier Juega-Mariño, Anna Bonjoch, Eugenia Negredo, Bonaventura Clotet, Ramón Romero, Josep Bonet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Peptide profiling of biological fluids is a promising tool for biomarker discovery. Blood is an ideal entity for proteomic studies but it is subjected to a proteolytic activity that sets up just at the moment of phlebotomy. Intending to prevent this proteolytic activity, tubes containing protease inhibitors (PI) have been developed. In this study, we evaluated the effect on plasma peptide profile of using tubes containing PI and the evolution of this effect over time. Methods: Blood samples from ten subjects were drawn into conventional tubes containing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and tubes containing PI. Samples were processed at time "zero" and after 1, 2, 4, and 8 hr. Plasma peptide profiles were analyzed by magnetic bead based technology coupled to matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry readout. Results: When comparing plasma peptide profile of blood samples collected into tubes containing PI with samples collected into conventional EDTA tubes, differences in the area of 13 peaks were detected at time "zero" after 8 hr these differences tended to disappear. Moreover, bradykinin and C3- and C4-derived peptides were produced promptly after blood extraction when samples were collected into conventional EDTA tubes, and the use of PI prevented their generation. Conclusion: Considering that time taken to process blood samples affects their peptide profile and a decrease in PI's effect occurs over time, it may be concluded that the use of tubes containing PI for blood collection may be advantageous in the context of research, but may have some limitations regarding clinical practice. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-367
JournalJournal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Collection tubes
  • Magnetic beads
  • MALDI-TOF MS
  • Preanalytical variability
  • Proteomics

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