Evaluation of a telemedicine system for heart failure patients: Feasibility, acceptance rate, satisfaction and changes in patient behavior: Results from the CARME (CAtalan remote management evaluation) study

Mar Domingo, Josep Lupón, Beatriz González, Eva Crespo, Raúl López, Anna Ramos, Agustàn Urrutia, Guillem Pera, José Ma Verdú, Antoni Bayes-Genis

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© The European Society of Cardiology 2012. Background: Telemedicine can be useful for managing heart failure (HF), but patient acceptance of telemedicine and its impact on patient behavior are unclear. Aims: To assess a telemedicine program in a HF Unit. Methods and results: This sub-analysis of the CARME study assessed the use of an interactive telemedicine platform. This prospective intervention study had a before/after design with HF patients randomized 1:1 into two groups: A) Motiva system (educational videos, motivational messages, and questionnaires); and B) Motiva system + telemonitoring of blood pressure, heart rate and weight. Of 211 patients screened, 44 were excluded, 62 did not consent to participate and 8 withdrew consent prior to installation of the system. The final study population included 97 patients. During 1 year of follow-up, 22 patients voluntarily discontinued use of the system, 5 died (three after early discontinuation) and 5 withdrew consent before the last evaluation. A total of 15,017 questionnaires were sent to patients, with a median response rate of 88%. Satisfaction with the system and tools was high (median score 8.4/10), especially with the self-monitoring chart, scale and sphygmomanometer. Positive changes were observed in patient behavior, especially for blood pressure and weight control (p < 0.001). After the study, 65% of the patients wished to continue with telemonitoring, particularly those in Group B (p = 0.004). Conclusion: Less than half of our patients participated in the telemedicine study. However, those who completed the study had confidence in the system, a high degree of satisfaction with the tools and positive behavioral changes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-418
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Behavior
  • Disease management
  • Heart failure
  • Information and communication technologies
  • Satisfaction
  • Telemedicine
  • Telemonitoring

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