Background Cerebrovascular benefits using the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) are controversial. This study assessed clinical effectiveness of PPV23 in preventing ischemic stroke in people older than 60 years. Methods We conducted a population-based cohort study involving 27,204 individuals of 60 years or older in Tarragona, Spain, who were prospectively followed from December 01, 2008, until November 30, 2011. Outcomes were neuroimaging-confirmed ischemic stroke, 30-day mortality from stroke, and all-cause death. Pneumococcal vaccination effectiveness was evaluated by Cox regression analyses, estimating hazard ratios (HRs) adjusted for age, sex, comorbidities, and influenza vaccine status. Results Cohort members were followed for a total of 76,033 person-years, of which 29,065 were for vaccinated subjects. Overall, 343 cases of stroke, 45 deaths from stroke, and 2465 all-cause deaths were observed. Pneumococcal vaccination did not alter the risk of stroke (multivariable HR: 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI]:.83-1.30; P =.752), death from stroke (HR: 1.14; 95% CI:.61-2.13; P =.686), and all-cause death (HR:.97; 95% CI:.89-1.05; P =.448). In analyses focused on people with and without a history of cerebrovascular disease, the PPV23 did not emerge effective in preventing any analyzed event, but influenza vaccine emerged independently associated with a reduced risk of death from stroke (HR:.51; 95% CI:.28-.93; P =.029) and all-cause death (HR:.73; 95% CI:.67-.81; P <.001). Conclusions Our data support that the PPV23 does not provide benefit against ischemic stroke, but it also supports a beneficial effect of influenza vaccine in reducing specific- and all-cause mortality risk in the general population older than 60 years. © 2014 by National Stroke Association.
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|
- cerebrovascular prevention
- pneumococcal vaccination