Different reports suggest the estrogens are involved in neuritic outgrowth, maintenance of dendritic morphology and spine formation in the CNS. However, the molecular mechanisms regulated by estrogens on neuronal integrity are not fully understood. We have addressed the relationship between 17β-estradiol-dependent ERK pathway stimulation and the maintenance of neuritic morphology in cerebellar granule cell cultures (CGC). We report that 17β-estradiol clearly activates ERK phosphorylation in CGC cultured in low potassium via ERα localized in the plasma membrane and without the activation of the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor. 17β-estradiol activates the ERK pathway through Ras-dependent Src kinase activity. A concomitant activation of the cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) is observed. Moreover, we demonstrate that 17β-estradiol-mediated ERK activation is involved in the maintenance of neuritic arborisation and neuronal morphology in proapoptotic conditions. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|