Estimating the HIV undiagnosed population in Catalonia, Spain: Descriptive and comparative data analysis to identify differences in MSM stratified by migrant and Spanish-born population

Juliana Maria Reyes-Urueña, Colin N.J. Campbell, Núria Vives, Anna Esteve, Juan Ambrosioni, Cristina Tural, Elena Ferrer, Gemma Navarro, Lluis Force, Isabel García, Àngels Masabeu, Josep M. Vilaró, Patricia García De Olalla, Joan Artur Caylà, Josep M. Miró, Jordi Casabona

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Abstract

© Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. Objective Undiagnosed HIV continues to be a hindrance to efforts aimed at reducing incidence of HIV. The objective of this study was to provide an estimate of the HIV undiagnosed population in Catalonia and compare the HIV care cascade with this step included between high-risk populations. Methods To estimate HIV incidence, time between infection and diagnosis and the undiagnosed population stratified by CD4 count, we used the ECDC HIV Modelling Tool V.1.2.2. This model uses data on new HIV and AIDS diagnoses from the Catalan HIV/AIDS surveillance system from 2001 to 2013. Data used to estimate the proportion of people enrolled, on ART and virally suppressed in the HIV care cascade were derived from the PISCIS cohort. Results The total number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Catalonia in 2013 was 34 729 (32 740 to 36 827), with 12.3% (11.8 to 18.1) of whom were undiagnosed. By 2013, there were 8458 (8101 to 9079) Spanish-born men who have sex with men (MSM) and 2538 (2334 to 2918) migrant MSM living with HIV in Catalonia. A greater proportion of migrant MSM than local MSM was undiagnosed (32% vs 22%). In the subsequent steps of the HIV care cascade, migrants MSM experience greater losses than the Spanish-born MSM: in retention in care (74% vs 55%), in the proportion on combination antiretroviral treatment (70% vs 50%) and virally suppressed (65% vs 46%). Conclusions By the end of 2013, there were an estimated 34 729 PLHIV in Catalonia, of whom 4271 were still undiagnosed. This study shows that the Catalan epidemic of HIV has continued to expand with the key group sustaining HIV transmission being MSM living with undiagnosed HIV.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere018533
JournalBMJ Open
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • HIV surveillance
  • HIV undiagnosed infection
  • MSM
  • cascade
  • continuum of care
  • migrant

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    Reyes-Urueña, J. M., Campbell, C. N. J., Vives, N., Esteve, A., Ambrosioni, J., Tural, C., Ferrer, E., Navarro, G., Force, L., García, I., Masabeu, À., Vilaró, J. M., García De Olalla, P., Caylà, J. A., Miró, J. M., & Casabona, J. (2018). Estimating the HIV undiagnosed population in Catalonia, Spain: Descriptive and comparative data analysis to identify differences in MSM stratified by migrant and Spanish-born population. BMJ Open, 8(2), [e018533]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018533