Error Bounds for Uplink and Downlink 3D Localization in 5G Millimeter Wave Systems

Zohair Abu-Shaban, Xiangyun Zhou, Thushara Abhayapala, Gonzalo Seco-Granados, Henk Wymeersch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)


© 2002-2012 IEEE. Location-aware communication systems are expected to play a pivotal part in the next generation of mobile communication networks. Therefore, there is a need to understand the localization limits in these networks, particularly, using millimeter-wave technology (mm-wave). Towards that, we address the uplink and downlink localization limits in terms of 3D position and orientation error bounds for mm-wave multipath channels. We also carry out a detailed analysis of the dependence of the bounds on different system parameters. Our key findings indicate that the uplink and downlink behave differently in two distinct ways. First of all, the error bounds have different scaling factors with respect to the number of antennas in the uplink and downlink. Secondly, uplink localization is sensitive to the orientation angle of the user equipment (UE), whereas downlink is not. Moreover, in the considered outdoor scenarios, the non-line-of-sight paths generally improve localization when a line-of-sight path exists. Finally, our numerical results show that mm-wave systems are capable of localizing a UE with sub-meter position error, and sub-degree orientation error.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8356190
Pages (from-to)4939-4954
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • 5G
  • beamforming
  • fisher information
  • localization
  • orientation error bound
  • position error bound


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