We study the long-time behavior of a linear inhomogeneous Boltzmann equation. The collision operator is modeled by a simple relaxation towards the Maxwellian distribution with zero mean and fixed lattice temperature. Particles are moving under the action of an external potential that confines particles, i.e., there exists a unique stationary probability density. Convergence rate towards global equilibrium is explicitly measured based on the entropy dissipation method and apriori time independent estimates on the solutions. We are able to prove that this convergence is faster than any algebraic time function, but we cannot achieve exponential convergence.
- Boltzmann equation
- Entropy functional
- Linear inhomogeneous equation