Epidemiology of surgical site infections after total hip and knee joint replacement during 2007-2009: A report from the VINCat Program

Joaquín López-Contreras, Enric Limón, Lourdes Matas, Montserrat Olona, Montserrat Sallés, Miquel Pujol

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The VINCat Program is a system for epidemiological surveillance of healthcare-related infections in which the majority of Catalan hospitals participate. It has a specific module for surgical site infections (SSI) surveillance. Primary hip and knee arthroplasties are basic indicators of the program due to their high frequency and the important morbidity of SSI of these sites. Results are presented for surgical site infection (SSI) surveillance of primary hip and knee arthroplasties for the first three years of the VINCat Program. The program requires SSI surveillance to be performed in a standardized, prospective and continuous manner by an infection control team from the centers. With primary arthroplasties, as with all procedures involving implants, the surveillance is maintained for 1 year after the intervention. The VINCat Program uses the SSI definitions of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and patients are stratified by surgical risk, following the classification of the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). During the period 2007-2009, 51 Catalan hospitals participated in the SSI surveillance of prosthetic orthopedic surgery. The overall SSI rate in the interventions for total primary hip prosthesis (7,804 procedures) was 3.0% (IC 95%: 2.6-3.4) and for total primary knee prosthesis (16,781 procedures) was 3.3% (IC95%: 3.0-3.6). During the period 2007-2009, the overall SSI rates for total primary hip and knee arthroplasty were higher than those published by some surveillance systems in our environment. There were significant differences in the infection rates by procedure and in those adjusted by risk among the different hospitals. © 2012 Elsevier España S.L. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
JournalEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica
Volume30
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Joint replacement
  • Prosthesis infection
  • Surgical site infection
  • Surveillance

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