The enzymatic synthesis of the tripeptide derivative Z-Gly-Trp-Met-OEt is reported. This tripeptide is a fragment of the cholecystokinin C-terminal octapeptide CCK-8. Studies on the α-chymotrypsin catalyzed coupling reaction between Z-Gly-Trp-R1 and Met-R2 have focused on low water content media, using deposited enzyme on inert supports such as Celite and polyamide. The effect of additives (polar organic solvents), the acyl-donor ester structure, the C-α protecting group of the nucleophile, enzyme loading, and substrate concentration were tested. The best reaction medium found was acetonitrile containing buffer (0.5%, v/v) and triethylamine (0.5%, v/v) using the enzyme deposited on Celite as catalyst (8 mg of α-chymotrypsin/g of Celite). A reaction yield of 81% was obtained with Z-Gly-Trp-OCam as acyl donor, at an initial concentration of 80 mM. The tripeptide synthesis was scaled up to the production of 2 g of pure tripeptide with an overall yield of 71%, including reaction and purification steps.
|Publication status||Published - 20 Jun 1996|
- organic media
- tripeptide synthesis