Enzymatic condensation of cholecystokinin CCK-8 (4-6) and CCK-8 (7-8) peptide fragments in organic media

Montserrat Capellas, Gloria Caminal, Gloria Gonzalez, Josep López-Santín, Pere Clapés

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The kinetically controlled condensation reaction of Z-Gly-Trp-Met-OR1 (R1: Et, Al, Cam) and H-Asp-(OR2)-Phe-NH2 (R2: H, Bu(t)) catalyzed by α- chymotrypsin deposited onto polyamide in organic media was studied. The effect of the drying process of the enzyme-support preparation, substrate concentrations, reaction medium, acyl donor, and nucleophile structure on both enzymatic activity and pentapeptide yield was investigated. The immobilized preparation directly equilibrated at a(w) = 0.113, gave higher enzymatic activities than dried with vacuum first, and then equilibrated at a(w) = 0.113. The addition of triethylamine to the reaction medium increased dramatically the enzymatic activity. However, the pentapeptide yield was affected neither by the drying procedure nor by the addition of triethylamine. The donor ester Z-Gly-Trp-Met-OAI gave initial reaction rates 2.6 times higher than the conventional ethyl ester derivative but rendered similar yields. The best results were obtained using Z-Gly-Trp-Met-OCam as acyl-donor ester; 80% yield and initial reaction rates 4 times higher than the ethyl ester derivative. In all cases, acetonitrile containing Tris-HCl 50 mM pH 9 buffer (0.5% v/v) and triethylamine (0.5% v/v) was found to be the best reaction system. Under these conditions, it was possible to use the nucleophile H-Asp-Phe-NH2 with β-unprotected aspartic acid residue. In this case, 50% yield was obtained, but economic considerations could lead to select it as nucleophile. Finally, the fragment condensation reaction was carried out at gram scale, obtaining a 39% yield which included the reaction, removal of protecting groups and purification steps.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)456-463
    JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
    Volume56
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 1997

    Keywords

    • α-chymotrypsin
    • Enzymatic fragment condensation

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Enzymatic condensation of cholecystokinin CCK-8 (4-6) and CCK-8 (7-8) peptide fragments in organic media'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this