The production of enzymes by micro-organisms which are found on vegetal substrates is important due to their ability to decompose cellulose, lignin and other components, which guarantee the integrity of the vegetal cell. The objective of this study was to determine the enzymatic activity of filamentous fungi, yeasts and bacteria, isolated from natural cork stoppers for bottles of still and sparkling wines. Suspensions of fungal conidia, yeasts and bacterial cells of micro-organisms were established in concentrations of 10(6) CFU/ml. The enzymatic activity of these micro-organisms was evaluated by means of the API ZYM system, with which it was possible to determine and semi-quantify nineteen enzymatic activities simultaneously. The enzymes produced by all of the species were esterase (C1), esterase lipase and naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase. The micro-organisms with the greatest enzymatic activity were Monilia sitophila, Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus niger and Aeromonas sp.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2001|