Environmental exploitation and social structure in prehistoric southeast Spain

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Our main concern is not only to understand past environments and societies, but also to consider the present dramatic aridification process which threatens large parts of the southeast of the Iberian peninsula and North Africa. The introduction of a more "technical' archaeology in recent years has produced a growing body of palaeo-environmental data. Our proposal for an archaeological theory is based upon three factors which interact to form a totality (termed the socioecological system): the socio-economic formation, the social exploitation of natural resources and the natural environment. The dialectical relationship between the socioeconomic formation and the natural environment takes place by means of social exploitation. As the empirical evidence in the archaeological record is the result of the interaction of these three factors, we analyse as a case study the eco-archaeological implications of the material record from Gatas, a Bronze Age settlement in southeast Spain. -from Authors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-38
JournalJournal of Mediterranean Archaeology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992


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