Entropy in universes evolving from initial to final de Sitter eras

José P. Mimoso, Diego Pavón

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© International Astronomical Union 2015. This work studies the behavior of entropy in recent cosmological models that start with an initial de Sitter expansion phase, go through the conventional radiation and matter dominated eras to be followed by a final de Sitter epoch. In spite of their seemingly similarities (observationally they are close to the Λ-CDM model), different models deeply differ in their physics. The second law of thermodynamics encapsulates the underlying microscopic, statistical description, and hence we investigate it in the present work. Our study reveals that the entropy of the apparent horizon plus that of matter and radiation inside it, increases and is a concave function of the scale factor. Thus thermodynamic equilibrium is approached in the last de Sitter era, and this class of models is thermodynamically correct. Cosmological models that do not approach equilibrium appear in conflict with the second law of thermodynamics. (Based on Mimoso & Pavon 2013)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-390
JournalProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • cosmology: theory
  • equation of state
  • miscellaneous


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