Enhanced mechanical properties and in vitro corrosion behavior of amorphous and devitrified Ti <inf>40</inf>Zr <inf>10</inf>Cu <inf>38</inf>Pd <inf>12</inf> metallic glass

J. Fornell, N. Van Steenberge, A. Varea, E. Rossinyol, E. Pellicer, S. Suriñach, M. D. Baró, J. Sort

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The effects of annealing treatments on the microstructure, elastic/mechanical properties, wear resistance and corrosion behavior of rod-shaped Ti 40Zr 10Cu 38Pd 12 bulk glassy alloys, synthesized by copper mold casting, are investigated. Formation of ultrafine crystals embedded in an amorphous matrix is observed for intermediate annealing temperatures, whereas a fully crystalline microstructure develops after heating to sufficiently high temperatures. The glassy alloy exhibits large hardness, relatively low Young's modulus, good wear resistance and excellent corrosion behavior. Nanoindentation measurements reveal that the sample annealed in the supercooled liquid region exhibits a hardness value of 9.4 GPa, which is 20% larger than in the completely amorphous state and much larger than the hardness of commercial Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The Young's modulus of the as-cast alloy (around 100 GPa, as determined from acoustic measurements) increases only slightly during partial devitrification. Finally, the anticorrosion performance of the Ti 40Zr 10Cu 38Pd 12 alloy in Hank's solution has been shown to ameliorate as crystallization proceeds and is roughly as good as in the commercial Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The outstanding mechanical and corrosion properties of the Ti 40Zr 10Cu 38Pd 12 alloy, both in amorphous and crystalline states, are appealing for its use in biomedical applications. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1709-1717
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011


  • Annealing
  • Biomaterial
  • Corrosion
  • Elastic properties
  • Metallic glass
  • Ti-based bulk glassy alloy


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