Energy and environmental evaluation of municipal facilities: Case study in the province of Barcelona

Jordi Oliver-Solà, Marina Armero, Blanca Martinez de Foix, Joan Rieradevall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The service sector is extraordinarily important for the European economy, as it accounts for 75% of the GDP. Yet it is also a huge consumer of energy, especially in urban environments. Municipalities have the authority to develop and manage municipal services, and as a result the European Commission drew up the Covenant of Mayors in which the signatory municipalities pledge to reduce their CO2 emissions by 20% of their 1990 rates. Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAPs) emerged from this covenant with the goal of analysing the current consumption patterns and compiling the actions that the municipalities should undertake in order to fulfil their pledges. This article focuses on analysing the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of 978 municipal service facilities in the province of Barcelona in the year 2005. The average consumption per facility by surface area is 118.8kWh/m2. Regarding greenhouse gas emissions, the average annual emissions in the facilities studied in the province of Barcelona were 40.0kgCO2eq/m2. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)920-930
JournalEnergy Policy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013


  • Industrial ecology
  • Municipal services
  • Service sector metabolism


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